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The Beginnings of Humanity: Straight Outta Africa (Alkebu-lan: Land of the Spirit People)

Updated: Dec 1, 2023

“For some 600,000 years, Africa and Africans led the world.” – Lerone Bennett, author of Before the Mayflower: A History of the Negro in America 1619-1962

Top Anthropologists like Dr. William Hansberry, Louis Leaky and others of the world have confirmed that the oldest fossils of humanity were found in Africa (i.e., “The Land of the Spirits,” or “The Land of the God’s”). One of the principal digs was in South-East Africa. This area is known as Ol’Duvai Gorge near Lake Victoria in East-South-East Africa (present-day Tanzania). This territory is a strip of land on the coast of the Indian Ocean, 200 miles in width and 500 miles long.

The shadowy beginnings of humanity, by its steady and slow advancement from the Cambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras, point to Africa as the greatest stimulation of Homo Sapiens. This greatest stimulation, which occurred in the Cenozoic era during the epoch called the Pleistocene period, came about because the evolutionary processes were never slowed down in Africa, as in Asia and particularly in Europe. In fact, the oldest fossilized remains of human beings are found in Africa, and by this evidence, Africa was the “Mother” and “Cradle” of civilization.

According to leading Anthropologists, Ol’Duvai is a place in Tanzania. Africa is the place where nature preserved the remains of the most known direct line to humanity, millions of years ago, and these humans were known as “Homo Habilis,” or “Able Man.” Before Homo Habilis, dating back approximately 25 million years ago, this ancestor of humanity was another creature known as Proconsul or Dryopithecus. This human is considered the grandfather of both ape and man. The Proconsul line eventually produced, by way of mutation and selection, other ancestors of humanity, called Ramapathecus, Kenyapithecus and later, the Ethiopian ape-like men.

The most important link of this evolutionary chain was Homo Habilis, who could make tools and build shelters. As the Homo Habilis did these things, their brains began to enlarge a little. It is said that these developments took millions of years, and as the brain enlarged, and the body evolved, a more direct progenitor known as Australopithecus dominated because of their ability to make weapons for their protection. Not having the predators’ natural weapons like teeth and claws for tearing and shredding, they had to develop tools and weapons. With weapons of stone, Australopithecus began evolving into a killer creature becoming carnivorous, and not a vegetarian, like the gorilla, monkey, or other primates.

According to Robert Audrey, in African Genesis, he referred the land territory of present-day Tanzania in East-South-East Africa as the “womb of all mankind,” generally conceded ancestor of all humanity had all evolved to the same point. Over long millenniums, some of the Australopithecine began trekking four paths from the “womb.”

Thousands had stayed in Africa, but others left Africa, the “womb of humanity.” These paths have been traced by a French scientist named Chellean, and he identified the main weapon of Australopithecus. The main weapon was the hand-axe chipped into a define shape by the Dawn Man. As Australopithecus wandered from Africa, Australopithecus discarded some axes, dropped some fighting and lost others. Chellean traced four paths from the “womb” defined by these shaped age-old axes. This method of tracing paths is called the Chellean Axe Science. One of these paths Chellean traced led to Asia, and another led to Europe over what must have been a land bridge across the Mediterranean Sea.

On the authority of Dr. Chancellor Williams, author of The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D. In his masterful work, Dr. Williams said Black people have scattered outside of Africa over the world, and this dispersion was not from any slave trade, but from migrations that began in prehistory.

"Ancient China and the Far East, for example, must be a special area of African research. How do we explain such a large population of Blacks in Southern China― powerful enough to form a kingdom of their own? Or the Black people of Formosa, Australia, the Malay peninsula, Indo-China, the Andaman’s and numerous other islands? The heavy concentration of Africans in India, and the evidence that the earliest Aryan chiefs were black (which will make Hitler rise from his grave) open still another interesting field for investigation. Even the ‘Negroid’ finds in Europe appear not to be challenging as the black population centers in Asia. For, again, reference is not made to small groups which may have wandered anywhere over the earth; rather, our concern is with great and dominant populations. These are the Blacks who have so puzzled Western (European) scholars that some theorized that Asia or Europe may be the homeland of Africans after all. The African populations in Palestine, Arabia and Mesopotamia are better known, although the many centuries of Black rule over Palestine, South Arabia, and Mesopotamia should be studied and elaborated in more detail.” - Dr. Chancellor Williams

When the ancestors of humanity migrated out of East-South-East Africa in an era estimated to be between one and three million years ago. Archaeologists are mostly of the opinion that humans spread out from the area of the Rift Valley in East Africa to North Africa, and from North Africa to West Africa, slowly over hundreds of thousands of years. For instance, evidence of human existence in the land territory of present-day Nigeria dates to about 40,000 years ago, which is about 38000 BC. By this date, Middle Stone Age groups of humans roamed parts of the Middle Niger Valley in what is now Nigeria. Using tools, and other implements made of stone, and perhaps wood, bones, and shells. These early people made their living by gathering food in the forests, by hunting animals for meat, and by fishing. If food was plentiful in a forest area, a group might stay and eventually move on again.

When the Sahara was Green

“But the Sahara, far bigger than the United States, was once a land of lakes, rivers, forests, green fields, farms, villages, towns and cities. Wildlife was abundant. Cattle grazed in meadows, and horse-drawn chariots sped over highways. It was a great land―yet only a part of an even greater Black world.” – Dr. Chancellor Williams

Archaeologists also believe that in those very early times when human groups came gradually into the West African region from the North African subcontinent. The region now known as the present-day Sahara was not yet an unforgiving and blistering desert, but a country of various types of grassland where many rivers and streams flowed. This region of Africa is over 1,000 miles wide and more than 3,000 miles from east to west.

“For example, just how did the Albion Sea, a vast inland body of water as large as France, disappear in the Sahara?” Dr. Chancellor Williams said. “How many cities and towns lie buried under those mountains of sand and rocks?”

The total number of humans coming into West Africa was small; and their stone tools were primitive and improved very slowly. By about 10000 BC, humans in West Africa were making greatly improved stone tools and implements, in the era which Archaeologists now call the Late Stone Age. While Early Stone Age and Middle Stone Age tools consisted of crudely trimmed flakes, pebbles, bi-facial core-axes and chisels, Late Stone Age tools consisted of microliths, which is a small, finely chipped, and finely ground stone tools, and ground axes. Some of the microliths were probably mounted on wooden or bone handles to produce spears, arrows, and other types of tools, which were all used for hunting, cutting, digging, and scrapping. At some late period in the Late Stone Age, from about 5000 BC, people began to make pots from clay for fetching and holding water, which was a very important technological advance.

The most important progress made during the Late Stone Age was the discovery, sometime starting from roughly 4000 BC, of agriculture, that is, the domestication of crops and animals. With this discovery, people slowly changed from being wanderers to settlers, which was evidence of the first real, solid, steps in the creation of human culture and civilization.

“Before even the British came into relations with our people, we were a developed people, having our own institutions, having our own ideas of government.” – J.E. Casely-Hayford, 1922 African (Gold Coast) Nationalist

During ancient and medieval Africa, children were the best behaved in the world. In these African societies, there were no need for jails, halfway houses, or youth detention centers. This naturally included adults and children, but this was not the case in European dominated societies. The Africans from their West and Central Africa homeland had created a great and beautiful civilization during ancient and medieval times before the Transatlantic slave trade reached the shores of West Africa.

The Songhai Empire: c. 1464-1591 (West Africa)

The territorial extent of the Songhai Empire in c. 1500. The Songhai (African ethnic group or tribe) were one of those unique peoples who can be characterized as highly intelligent, industrious and aggressively invincible as traders and warriors.

“This accomplishment brings the greatest honor to the black race, and merits from this point of view all our attention. In the 16th century, the Songhay (Songhai) land awoke. A marvelous growth of civilization mounted there in the heart of the Black Continent. And this civilization was not imposed by circumstances, nor by an invader as is often the case even in our own day. It was desired, called forth, introduced and propagated by a man of the black race.” - Felix Dubois, author of Timbuctoo the Mysterious

“Songhay’s (Songhai’s) greatness was due to something more than the remarkable expansion of its empire over a territory larger than the continent of Europe. That was great, but greater by far was the grand scale on which the revival of learning spread among the Blacks of West Africa─The Western Sudan, or ‘Land of the Blacks.’ Three of the principal centers of learning were Jenne, Gao, and Timbuktu.” – Dr. Chancellor Williams

About 93% of the ancestors who are now the present-day “African Americans” came from the Western Sudanic region of Africa, which includes ancient Ghana, Mali, Songhai, etc. Various authorities of history agree that upward of 100 million Black people were taken out of Africa as prisoners-of-war, mainly between 1591 (i.e., the fall of the Songhai Empire was in 1591. The Songhai Empire fell by the victorious army of the Moors of present-day Morocco and their hired European: British and Spanish Mercenaries) and 1858. For Black people, the brutality of how their West African homeland was taken from them was their physical holocaust, and because of that, Blacks are still suffering a phycological holocaust.

According to Dr. Anthony Browder, author of Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization: Exploding the Myth Vol. 1. Although the total number of Black people stolen from their home continent of Africa varies greatly from source to source, estimations start at a minimum of 50 million Black people displaced, and the deaths are more than 80 million Black people.

“When we consider the fact that one-third of the enslaved Africans never survived the trans-Atlantic journey, and of the number who did survive, approximately one-third died during the ‘seasoning’ or breaking-in process; we are, therefore, talking about the deaths of more than 80 million people.” – Dr. Anthony Browder

These figures do not consider the millions of Black people who died before they were forced to board the slave ships, or the number of Black men, women and children who were raped, beaten to death, or lynched once they arrived in the so-called “New World.” Slave ship records show that on these ships were many Black people from different African ethnic groups or tribes, such as the Songhai, Ghanaians, Yoruba, Igbo, Nupe, Benine, Borgu, Jukun, Kanem, Borni, and many, many more. The Triangular Trade included Africa, the Caribbean Islands, North and South America, and Europe. Only the Africans who were the strongest, the youngest, the healthiest, the most beautiful, and most intelligent were forced by the gun to board the slave ships. The Africans who were maimed, sick, the elderly, the extremely nervous and weak were left behind.

The aim of the European invaders and enslavers was to provoke war between African kingdoms, giving one group guns while their adversaries only had spears and shields, and this skyrocketed the number of captives for slavery from thousands to millions. It also must not be forgotten that the kingdom of Timbuktu in inner West Africa (present-day Mali) had a population of 100,000 people under the rule of the Songhai Empire. Not only were whole villages destroyed, but entire kingdoms were depopulated, and the formally proud and free citizens were marched off to the West African coast in chains. Even royal lineages were among the captives like kings, queens, chiefs, etc.

According to African tradition, the leader (i.e., ruler) and their people were all one in the same, and this sense of oneness only applied to the members of one’s ethnic group or tribe, and not Black people outside of it. This is why Black rulers would secure prisoners-of-war by attacking other Black kingdoms. In fact, Black chiefs who failed to secure the required number of slaves that was demanded by the European enslavers were themselves sold into slavery. Over 100 chiefs and other nobles were sold into slavery in a single year and another 100 chiefs were murdered by the Portuguese.

On the authority of Dr. Walter Rodney, author of How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Once the Blacks began to trade in slaves in any part of Africa, it became crystal clear that it was beyond the capacity of any single African state to change this dire situation.

Thankfully, a letter from Kongo (Congo) King Dom Alfonzo I dated June 6, 1526, to the Portuguese court gives insight about how the Transatlantic slave trade depopulated the Kongo Empire.

King Dom Alfonzo I’s letter to the Portuguese court read:

“There are many traders in all corners of the country [wrote Alfonzo I]. They bring ruin to the country (of Kongo). Every day people are enslaved and kidnapped, even nobles, even members of the king’s own family.”

The popular slave trade narrative is that Black rulers sold Black people to Europeans for slavery, which did happen, and there were some Black rulers who were ruthless, because only a savage ruler would raid their own villages for slaves to sell to the Europeans. The European enslavers picked up on this very quickly and made it a point to keep the Blacks divided by keeping them warring and fighting amongst themselves. These manipulated wars of “Blacks kingdoms against Black kingdoms” produced mutual hatred and suspicions among the Black race, which unfortunately is still prevent during the modern era in the Black community, especially the Blacks in the United States of America.

On the other hand, there were some Black rulers who fought the enslavers (i.e., African, and European) and died fighting with their people (i.e., ethnic group or tribe) to the very end. For instance, Queen Nzinga of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of present-day Angola (Southwest Africa) had Black rulers in nearby states who participated in the slave trade with the European enslavers in a complete state of panic and high anxiety because they were in fear of her wrath. Queen Nzinga did not hesitate to make examples out of the Black rulers and their followers who participated in the slave trade because she sold them into slavery. Queen Nzinga’s anti-slavery crusade didn’t mean that she herself did not hold captives in bondage, including the Portuguese invaders whose only agenda was to conquer and colonize Queen Nzinga’s prosperous country.

Ndongo (Angola) Ngola Ann Nzinga (ruled 1623-1663).

Queen Nzinga, a death-defying Black queen was a warrior queen who led her armies to battle the Portuguese invaders. Queen Nzinga was the greatest military strategist that ever confronted the armed forces of Portugal. When the army of Portugal met with Queen Nzinga’s armed forces, it was Queen Nzinga’s genius military tactics that kept Portugal’s military commanders in constant confusion and dismay, because the queen’s aim was nothing less than destroying the Transatlantic slave trade. Portugal’s army worked in continuous fear because their guns were useless against the increasing number of ambush war tactics led by Queen Nzinga.

Queen Nzinga even infiltrated the Portuguese “African army” with her Black troops, causing the Blacks working on behalf of the Portuguese Crown to rebel. Queen Nzinga’s Black troops persuaded the Blacks of the Portuguese African army to join what Queen Nzinga called the “War of Liberation.” In fact, Portuguese casualties were always heavier than reported, due to Queen Nzinga’s lightning speed surprise attacks, and from these successful attacks Queen Nzinga was able to steal guns and cannons from Portuguese camps.

The Unconquerable Queen Nzinga raged war against the Portuguese invaders for 40 years, and the Portuguese were unable to take her country while she was alive because they couldn’t defeat her in warfare. Queen Nzinga was “Africa’s Greatest Daughter” and “Greatest Emancipator of Slaves” because she declared her country a free country for all Blacks who crossed the boundaries of her realm, which was the whole land territory of present-day Angola. Regardless of African ethnic group or tribe affiliation, Blacks who entered her country from anywhere in Africa were given land and were legally declared free by Queen Nzinga.

When Queen Nzinga peacefully transitioned to be with the ancestors in 1663, it was a turning point for all African people of Southwest and Central Africa.

“Towards the end of the seventeenth century, both Kongo (Congo), and the combined states of Ndongo and Matamba fell victim to European predator activities where ‘executions, treachery, robbery, and violence became the order of the day.” – Dr. Robin Walker, author of When We Ruled: The Ancient and Mediaeval History of Black Civilizations

Let the Healing Begin...

“John Hawkins made three trips to West Africa in the 1560s, and stole Africans whom he sold to the Spanish in America. On returning to England after the first trip, his profit was so handsome that Queen Elizabeth I became interested in directly participating in his next venture; and she provided for that purpose a ship named the Jesus. Hawkins left with the Jesus to steal some more Africans, and he returned to England with such dividends that Queen Elizabeth made him a knight. Hawkins chose as his coat of arms the representation of an African in chains.” – Dr. Walter Rodney

Except for the Native Americans and the Native Aboriginal Australians, no other people on Earth have had their continent of origin snatched away from them by foreigners. Black people were the only people to have been enslaved and exported to other continents by the millions. It was these actions that depleted the human and natural resources of Africa, while simultaneously developing them in the European and American continents. Unfortunately, the descendants of the Black ancestors who were forcefully exiled to other continents for free slave labor for the benefit for another race of people are still experiencing the repercussions of this apocalyptic event.

Even though slavery existed for centuries in Europe, Africa, and Asia before the coming of the Transatlantic slave trade to West and Central Africa, but never had slavery broken every link between the captive and their own unique and original culture and destroyed their once prosperous ancient and medieval civilizations.

Before the European enslavers forcibly infiltrated the African bloodline through the immoral institution of chattel slavery, according to Dr. Chancellor Williams, an important fact that should be well known is that all un-mixed Africans are not jet black. For while the great majority are black skinned, countless thousands who lived for centuries in cool areas have lighter skin complexions, with no “Caucasian blood” running through their veins. Truthfully, African (i.e., Black) women have the mitochondrial gene, which means she can produce children of all colors, like chocolate, asphalt, café au lait, persimmon, cream, and albino. Albino, for example, is lighter than the complexion of the average European. Black people are made of diverse colors.

“For, having read everything about the African race that I could get my hands on, I knew even before leaving high school that (1) The Land of the Blacks was not only the ‘cradle of civilization’ itself but that the Blacks were once the leading people on earth; (2) that ‘Egypt’ was derived from the Blacks; (3) and that the Blacks were the pioneers in the sciences, medicine, architecture, writing, and were the first builders in stone, etc. The big unanswered question, then, was what had happened? How was this highly advanced Black Civilization so completely destroyed that its people, in our times and for some centuries past, have found themselves not only behind the other peoples of the world, but as well, the color of their skin a sign of inferiority, bad luck, and the badge of the slave whether bond or free? And, since I had learned that whites were once enslaved as generally as any other race, how did it come about that slavery was finally concentrated in Africa on Blacks only?” – Dr. Chancellor Williams


Akintoye, S. A History of the Yoruba People. Amalion Publishing. (Jan 1, 2010). Nov. 24, 2023. p. 20-21.

Battle, R., Robinson, C., Robinson, E. The Journey of the Songhai People. Pan African Federation Organization; 2nd edition. (June 1, 1992). Nov. 24, 2023. p. vi, 15, 20, 24, 37-39, 124, 142, 148, 270-271, 384.

Bennett, L. Before The Mayflower: A History of The Negro in America, 1619-1962. Ebooks for Students, Ltd. (January 6, 2021). Nov. 24, 2023. p. 13, 30, 37.

Browder, A. Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization: Exploding the Myths Vol. 1. The Institute of Karmic Guidance; First Edition. (Dec. 1, 1992). Nov. 24, 2023. p. 258.

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Misterimhotep. Many scientists and mainstream media try to use haplogroups in a way that allows them to manipulate the narrative. At the time they appeared, all these people carrying these "foreign" haplogroups were Black. Don't let them fool you. And don't forget to Subscribe to our secret community here: Source: chromosome_DNA_haplogroup#Chronological_development_of_haplogroups. Misterimhotep. Instagram. March 13, 2022. Nov. 24, 2023.

Obietonbara, T. Rebirthing the African Consciousness. Aquqo Press Limited. (Nov. 22, 2021). Dec. 1, 2023. p. 147.

Rodney, W. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Verso. (Nov. 27, 2018). Nov. 25, 2023. p. 35, 92, 96.

Vaucher, J. Sahara Humid Periods. umontreal. Jan. 2021. Nov. 24, 2023.

Walker, R. When We Ruled: The Ancient and Mediaeval History of Black Civilizations. Black Classic Press. (May 1, 2011). Nov. 26, 2023. p. 350, 352-353, 547.

Wikipedia. Songhai Empire. Nov. 25, 2023.

Williams, C. The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D. Third World Press; 3rd Revised ed. edition. (Feb. 1, 1992). Nov. 24, 2023. p. 18, 35-36, 44, 58, 195, 198, 217, 219, 271, 273-274, 276, 278, 286.

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